The project called “Different Wars: Talking about WWII with teachers and societies” is a continuation of the successful exhibition “Different Wars: National School Textbooks on WWII” (more information below). This time the organisers of the project aim to create innovative history lessons on WWII using multiperspectivity approach. The lesson topics on WWII will unite teaching materials from Belarus, Germany, Poland and Russia.

During the first online workshop on 10-11th July, the history teaching professionals from the four participating countries agreed on the topics, which would later become lesson units for two age groups: 14-15 years of age and 17-19 years of age school students. The history lesson units and additional materials prepared by the experts, will be uploaded on the specially developed online portal available for history teachers at schools and other (informal) educative institutions.

From 13-16th November 2020, the winter school for teachers from Belarus, Germany, Poland and Russia will be organised in Morawa, Poland, where teaching materials will be tested and developed further. The winter school will also combine visits to the memorial places of WWII, namely Krzyzowa and the former Groß Rosen concentration camp.

After the winter school the experts will adjust the material and we will present it in the participating countries and send it out to schools.

This project is supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Germany and will run until 31 March 2021. The partners of the project are the History Workshop Leonid Levin, Minsk, Belarus, Youth Memorial, Perm, Russia (Forum member), the Jan Nowak-Jezioranski College of Eastern Europe, Wroclaw, Poland (Forum member) and the Secretariat of the EU-Russia Civil Society Forum.

Call for application for teachers from Germany


The first images of the past, which are formed by school education and history textbooks, are among the strongest. Textbooks bear the knowledge that a respective society wishes to pass on to the next generation. States use them as instruments for civic education, constructing narratives that foster identities, strengthen societal cohesion, or even legitimize the ruling powers. Textbooks, especially history textbooks, pursue the great questions of human history, such as ‘who are we?’, ‘where did we come from?’ and ‘where are we going to?’. For a large number of students, working with their history textbook in school will be the most intensive and lasting encounter with history that they experience in their lifetimes.

As they are state-controlled, textbooks hold the reputation of being particularly objective and reliable. However, if we pick up a textbook from the past or from another country, we soon realise that this is a delusion. Textbooks communicate the spirit of their time and express the culture they are written in. The exhibition “Different Wars” reveals the differences in the narration and perception of the history of the Second World War in modern high school textbooks of the Czech Republic, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Poland and Russia. The choice of the subject is evident: WWII remains one of the most painful and conflicting episodes of the European nations’ memories. In Russia the victory in the Great Patriotic War is one of the most important pages of national

The exhibition shows and contrasts these varying historical narratives found in the school textbooks on WWII. By presenting national and thematic posters, it aims to uncover significant aspects of remembrance. Visitors have a chance to “go through” the pages and learn about teaching methods of history textbooks of the different countries.

While the idea of the exhibition was born in October 2013, the project itself started in October 2014. We thank all institutions and individuals who contributed intellectually: experts from the Georg Eckert Institute (Braunschweig, Germany), the Geschichtsort Villa ten Hompel (Münster, Germany), the Lithuanian University for Education and Science (Vilnius, Lithuania), King’s College London (London, UK), the Institute for the Study of Totalitarian Regimes (Prague, Czech Republic), the Leibnitz University (Hannover, Germany), and many other wonderful people. The exhibition is kindly supported by the EU-Russia Civil Society Forum, the European Commission, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, and the OAK Foundation.